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Analytical-Literal Translation:

Abbreviations and Notations

By Gary F. Zeolla

Following is a list of the meanings of abbreviations and notations seen in the text and Background pages for the Analytical-Literal Translation of the Holy Bible: Second Edition (ALT).


Abbreviations and Notations in Brackets

[the] -- Words added for clarity are bracketed. Within bracketed alternative translations, bracketed words indicate words added for clarity, i.e. “[or, the kingdom [of Satan]]” (Matt 8:12) indicates the words “of Satan” are added.

[Isaiah 7:14] -- Reference for the preceding OT quote. The quote itself is in italics.

“Yahweh is Salvation” -- Meaning of a proper name, placed in quotation marks.

About -- Modern-day equivalent for measurements and monetary units.

and elsewhere in -- The bracketed information applies to other occurrences of the preceding word or phrase in the given range, but not necessarily to all occurrences.

and throughout/ and in -- The bracketed information applies to all occurrences of the preceding word or phrase throughout the given range.

cp. -- Cross reference (“compare”).

fig. -- Possible figurative meaning or paraphrase of preceding literal translation.

Gr. -- Transliteration of the Greek word previously translated.

i.e. -- Explanatory note (“that is” or “in explanation”).

LXX -- Septuagint. The OT quote is taken from this third century B.C., Greek translation of the Hebrew OT instead of the Hebrew text.

NT -- New Testament

OT -- Old Testament

or -- Alternative, traditional, or slightly less literal translation.

see -- Cross reference.

Miscellaneous Abbreviations and Notations

ALT -- Analytical-Literal Translation of the New Testament of the Holy Bible

LORD -- Lord -- The former indicates the OT verse from which the quote is taken has Yahweh (the Hebrew proper name for God). The latter indicates the OT has adonai (the general word for “lord”).

But -- Indicates the use of the Greek strong adversative (alla) instead of the weak adversative (de, translated as “but” when used in an adversative sense).

you -- Indicates the pronoun is emphasized in the Greek text (also, he, she, etc.).

you* -- Indicates the original is plural (also, your*). With no asterisk the second person pronoun is singular.


Bible Book Names

Biblical Order

Old Testament:

Gen - Genesis

Exod - Exodus

Lev - Leviticus

Numb - Numbers

Deut - Deuteronomy

Josh - Joshua

Judg - Judges

Ruth - Ruth

1Sam - 1Samuel

2Sam - 2Samuel

1Ki - 1Kings

2Ki - 2Kings

1Chron - 1Chronicles

2Chron - 2Chronicles

Ezra - Ezra

Neh - Nehemiah

Est - Esther

Job - Job

Ps - Psalms

Prov - Proverbs

Eccl - Ecclesiastes

Song - Song of Solomon

Isa - Isaiah

Jer - Jeremiah

Lam - Lamentations

Ezek - Ezekiel

Dan - Daniel

Hos - Hosea

Joel - Joel

Amos - Amos

Obad - Obadiah

Jon - Jonah

Mic - Micah

Nah - Nahum

Hab - Habakkuk

Zeph - Zephaniah

Hag - Haggai

Zech - Zechariah

Mal - Malachi

New Testament:

Matt - Matthew

Mark - Mark

Luke - Luke

John - John

1Jn - 1John

2Jn - 2John

3Jn - 3John

Rom - Romans

1Cor - 1Corinthians

2Cor - 2Corinthians

Gal - Galatians

Eph - Ephesians

Phil - Philippians

Col - Colossians

1Thes - 1Thessalonians

2Thes - 2Thessalonians

1Tim - 1Timothy

2Tim - 2Timothy

Titus - Titus

Phlm - Philemon

Heb - Hebrews

Jam - James

1Pet - 1Peter

2Pet - 2Peter

Jude - Jude

Rev - Revelation


Alphabetical Order

1Chron - 1Chronicles

2Chron - 2Chronicles

1Cor - 1Corinthians

2Cor - 2Corinthians

1Jn - 1John

2Jn - 2John

3Jn - 3John

1Ki - 1Kings

2Ki - 2Kings

1Pet - 1Peter

2Pet - 2Peter

1Sam - 1Samuel

2Sam - 2Samuel

1Thes - 1Thessalonians

2Thes - 2Thessalonians

1Tim - 1Timothy

2Tim - 2Timothy

Amos - Amos

Col - Colossians

Dan - Daniel

Deut - Deuteronomy

Eccl - Ecclesiastes

Eph - Ephesians

Est - Esther

Exod - Exodus

Ezek - Ezekiel

Ezra - Ezra

Gal - Galatians

Gen - Genesis

Hab - Habakkuk

Hag - Haggai

Heb - Hebrews

Hos - Hosea

Isa - Isaiah

Jam - James

Jer - Jeremiah

Job - Job

Joel - Joel

John - John

Jon - Jonah

Josh - Joshua

Jude - Jude

Judg - Judges

Lam - Lamentations

Lev - Leviticus

Luke - Luke

Mal - Malachi

Mark - Mark

Matt - Matthew

Mic - Micah

Nah - Nahum

Neh - Nehemiah

Numb - Numbers

Obad - Obadiah

Phil - Philippians

Phlm - Philemon

Prov - Proverbs

Ps - Psalms

Rev - Revelation

Rom - Romans

Ruth - Ruth

Song - Song of Solomon

Titus - Titus

Zech - Zechariah

Zeph - Zephaniah


Books and eBooks by Gary F. Zeolla, the Director of Darkness to Light

The above chart was first posted on this Web site March 24, 1999.
It was last updated to be in accordance with the second edition January 31, 2005.

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