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This page provides a review of a reference work that was consulted while working on the Analytical-Literal Translation of the New Testament (ALT). To purchase a copy of the third edition, click here.
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Liddell and Scott's Greek-English Lexicon
Very helpful lexicon
Liddell and Scott’s lexicon is available in three versions, the complete large set (“Great Scott)”, this intermediate sized volume (“Middle Liddell”), and an abridged version (“Little Liddell”). I use the version of Liddell-Scott that is found on BibleWorks. And it looks to be this “Middle Liddell” that is the version on BibleWorks. And I would say this size provides sufficient material without being overwhelming.
Liddell-Scott gives the basic definition using one word or a short phrase. Shades of meanings are represented by giving more than one word or phrase for the basic meaning. When a word has more than one basic meaning, these are numbered using Roman numerals and listed individually. Reference to classical Greek authors is given for each of the various meanings or shades of meanings.
Being based more on classical Greek than NT Greek enables this lexicon to give definitions for words that might not fit with pre-conceived theological ideas. And that is good. Sometimes, a word has been traditionally translated in manner that does not reflect the original meaning of the word. So this lexicon takes one out of preconceived notions and back to how the word was actually used. And that was very helpful in finding exact definitions of words for my “Analytical-Literal Translation of the New Testament” (ALT). It was in part because of this lexicon that I rendered “ekklesia” as “assembly” rather than “church” and “hagios” as “holy ones” rather than “saints.”
So I would highly recommend this lexicon.
Review of Liddell and Scott's Greek-English Lexicon. Copyright (c) 2008 by Gary F. Zeolla.
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