Books and eBooks by the Director
|TOPIC||CHRISTIAN THEISM||NEW AGE PANTHEISM||HUMANISTIC ATHEISM||MORMON POLYTHEISM||WATCHTOWER FINITE GODISM (Jehovah's Witnesses)|
|Origin||"God-breathed"||By "spiritual" humans||Purely human product||Inspired by Heavenly Father||Inspired by Jehovah|
|Nature||Inerrant (without error)||Has many errors||Has many errors||Many transcription/ translation errors||Texts reliable but needed own translation|
|Authority||God's final Word||One of many inspired books||No authority whatsoever||Modern-day revelation needed||As interpreted by the WT|
|Source||Biblical Revelation||Intuition||Observation/ Reason||Biblical and modern-day revelation||Bible and "theocratic direction" of WT|
|Right and Wrong||Based on God's Word||Ultimately no distinction||Determined by society||Modern-day revelation||Bible and directives of WT|
|Truth||Determined by God||Relative||Pragmatism/ empiricism||Modern-day revelation||Bible as interpreted by WT|
|Nature||Personal and infinite||Impersonal force||"Meaningless concept"||Many finite gods with physical bodies||Finite Jehovah with spiritual body|
|The Trinity||Three Persons in one essence||Denied or spiritualized||Considered nonsense||Father, Son, Spirit are three gods||Of pagan origin|
|Origin||Created ex-nihilo by God||Emanation from god-force||The "Big Bang"||Gods creating worlds eternally||Created by Jehovah|
|Relationship to God||Distinct from God||Within god-force||Not applicable||Each god has own world||Jehovah lives in a certain place|
|Existence||Dependant on God||Illusion||Self-existent||Pre-existent matter||Will exist eternally|
|Origin of life||Created by God||Emanation from god-force||"Primordial soup"||Infinite regress of gods creating worlds||Created by Jehovah|
|Spiritual world||Distinct from physical||True reality||Non-existent||We lived as pre-existent spirits here||Invisible parts of creation|
|Person||Full God and full man||Reincarnated human being||Just a human being||First son of Father/ brother of Lucifer||Michael the archangel|
|Conception/ birth||"Born of the virgin Mary"||Normal reincarnation||Normal conception||Father had sex with with Mary||By a virgin|
|Unique?||Only begotten Son of God||One of many avatars||Normal human being||Eldest brother/ physical body via Father||First creation of Jehovah|
|Purpose||Die for His people's sins||"Way-shower"||Good teacher (if that)||Make it possible to return to Father||Pay for sin of Adam|
|Resurrection||Vindication of Messiahip/ bodily||Showed power any can have||Denied||Pattern for all persons||Spiritual, not bodily|
|Intercession||Only Mediator||One of many mediators||Not needed||Shared with Joseph Smith||Mediated by the WT|
|Second Coming||Personal and bodily||Spiritualized/ "Age of Aquarius"||Denied||To set up earthly kingdom||Already occurred in 1914|
|The Holy Spirit|
|Nature||Full Deity and personality||Power source||Existence denied||Finite god without a physical body||Jehovah's invisible, active force|
|Regeneration||Via the Holy Spirit||Through own power||Through own determination||Via baptism by Mormon elder||Only needed for the 144,000|
|Nature of||Image of God, but fallen||Inwardly divine||Same as all animals||Same as Heavenly Father||Not inherently sinful|
|What is it?||Sins atoned for and forgiven||No more reincarnations||Improvement in life||Exaltation to godhood||Live forever in paradise on earth|
|Why needed?||The Fall/ personal sins||Don't remember we are god||Problems in life and society||We wanted to be like the Father||Sin of Adam|
|How attained?||Faith in Christ||Realization of own divinity||Faith in own abilities||Keeping ordinances and commandments||Become a JW, persevere in good works|
|Purpose||Glorify God and enjoy Him forever||Loss of personality||Self-gratification||Attain physical bodies||Vindicate Jehovah's right to rule|
|Result||Relationship with God||Reunion with the One||Improved self/ society||Become a god with own world to rule/ populate||End of suffering|
|Nature||Personal, evil, spiritual beings||Bad thoughts||Non-existent||Personal spiritual beings||Personal spiritual beings|
|Future||Damnation in hell||Eliminate by realizing divinity||Not-applicable||Punishment, but not necessarily eternal||Annihilation|
|After death||Judgement/ resurrection||Repeated reincarnations||Non-existence||Second chance to receive Mormonism||Unconscious until resurrection|
|Heaven||Place of joy with the Lord||Union with the One||Non-existent||3 degrees; highest - exaltation to a god||Only for 144,000; rest on paradise earth|
|Hell||Eternal, conscious torment||Bad thoughts||Non-existent||Punishment, but not necessarily eternal||Annihilation into non-existence|
|Origin||The Fall||Law of karma||Evolution||Our desire to be like the Father||Sin of Adam|
|Final defeat by||The Second Coming||Human spiritual awareness||Human efforts, if ever||New cycle of each new world||Battle of Armageddon|
"WT" is an abbreviation for the Watchtower Bible and Tract Society, the organization Jehovah's Witnesses (JWs) belong to. In this chart it is being used more specifically to refer to the "governing body" of the WT.
If you print this page, do so in "Landscape" orientation. It comes out looking much nicer that way.
The order of the topics above parallel the points on Darkness to Light's Confession of Faith.
For in-depth discussions and documentation for many of the above points, see the various articles and other items listed at Subject Index and Scripture Studies. The order in which the items are listed on these pages parallel the order of the topics above.
Five Belief Systems: Comparison Charts. Copyright © 1999 by Gary F. Zeolla of Darkness to Light ministry (www.dtl.org).
Books and eBooks by Gary F. Zeolla, the Director of Darkness to Light
The above chart originally appeared in Darkness to Light
newsletter in 1993.
It was posted on this Web site in July 1996 and updated August 1997.
General Theology and Apologetics
Miscellaneous Items: General Theology and Apologetics
Text Search Alphabetical List of
Pages Subject Index
General Information on Articles Contact Information
to Light Home Page
Click Here for Books and eBooks by Gary F. Zeolla